Part II European Law: Enforcement

5. Direct Effect  

Extra Materials

Useful videos


Komilla Chadha:

EU Law: Direct Effect in 8 mins

EU Law: Indirect Effect in 5 mins

Stacia Franz:

Horizontal and Vertical Direct Effect of Directives

Moot Europaeus:

”Van Gend en Loos – 50 Years of Heritage”, Presentation of Denise Ashmore

David Morgan:

Rights Arising in EU Law


Useful websites


EUR-Lex website: The direct effect of European Law

Practical Law: Direct effect