1. The “Ordinary” Legislative Procedure
2. The “Special” Legislative Procedures
3. The Principle of Subsidiarity
4. Excursus: The (Ordinary) Treaty-Making Procedure
British constitutionalism defines (primary) legislation as an act adopted by the Queen-in-Parliament. Behind this “compound” legislator stands a legislative procedure. This legal procedure links the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the monarchy. European constitutionalism also adopts a procedural definition of legislative power. However, unlike British constitutional law, the Treaties distinguish two types of legislative procedures: an ordinary legislative procedure and special legislative procedures. Article 289 TFEU states:
1. The ordinary legislative procedure shall consist in the joint adoption by the European Parliament and the Council of a regulation, directive or decision on a proposal from the Commission. This procedure is defined in Article 294.
2. In the specific cases provided for by the Treaties, the adoption of a regulation, directive or decision by the European Parliament with the participation of the Council, or by the latter with the participation of the European Parliament, shall constitute a special legislative procedure.